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photo credit: The new, sizeable chasm is not quite as big as the Grand Canyon, admittedly. Erik Harrison/Shutterstock
A gigantic crack has appeared in the foothills of the Bighorn Mountains in northern Wyoming. This crack isn’t just a few meters wide, mind you: it has opened up a gap 685 meters (2,250 feet) long and 45 meters (150 feet) wide.
The locals are somewhat unfortunately nicknaming it the “gash”, as reported by the Huffington Post.
Why rabbits are important to survival
How to keep your game resource plentiful
As a prepper, you are focused on keeping your food and water in ample supply not only to survive a catastrophic event, but to sustain you after the event. Yes, you want to be able to survive, but you do not want to have to go from day to day in the extreme survivalist mode.
You will need to have a means of constant water and food. Finding a natural stream will solve most of your water needs. Rabbits can solve the majority of your food requirements. Here are a few ways in which rabbits are important to your survival plan.
As a food source, rabbits are one of the most reproductive and replenishing supplies available. I am sure that most of you have heard the expression “going at it like rabbits”. There is a reason for this. Rabbits can have a litter once every 31 days.
This means that if you have a litter of 12 rabbits that the amount of rabbits in a year would be about 144. Now, keep in mind that the litter will be able to have their own littler and so the number is vastly increased. So long as you keep a pair of rabbits (male and female of course) you should be able to have a substantial amount of meat.
Where you can keep only a pair of rabbits and survive, it is advised that you have a few pairs. You will not be able to control all the circumstances and you will not know when and if a rabbit will become diseased and die, have worms (as it is typical that they have them during certain months), one kills the other, etc.
By having a few sets of rabbits you can do a sort of quality control.
With other smaller animals, I would not be so keen to skin and keep the pelts as it would take forever to have enough skins to make anything useful.
However, because the rabbit reproduces as a very quick pace, the skins can be treated and stored and then used for clothing or for blankets.
As the fur tends to be of a thick soft density, the hides are ideal for regions which have cooler temperatures.
From the mobility and relocation standpoint
Ideally, you will have your own bug out spot or bug in spot prepared with livestock or some form of sustainable food and water. But depending upon the circumstances, your bug out spot may not be available. This means that you will have to find a location on the fly.
Where it would be a bit noticeable if you were to lead Bessy the Cow or Gomer the Goat down the road to your location, a set of rabbits can be concealed in small carry case.
Yes, you will have to construct a cage for the animals once you get to a location, but at least you will not be starting from scratch.
One of the biggest advantages apart from the food resource that rabbits provide is their poop. Rabbit manure can be used to fertilize your garden and vegetation.
Do not go overboard with it, especially in the wild as you do not want to draw predators into the area. Yet, if you mix the manure with your topsoil and composts, you will constantly have a supply of nutrients for your garden.
Rabbits are cheap to buy and easy to maintain. While there are current laws which restrict the number of rabbits that you can have in a location, this will not be the case in a catastrophic event.
No one will care at that point. Having the food supply already at hand will put you ahead in maintaining a substantial food source.
Rabbits provide a tactical food. Where cows moo and goats bleat rabbits really do not give off much noise. From a tactical standpoint this is a major advantage.
Your food source will not give off your location. Also, due to their smaller size you can hide the animal away from prying eyes. Such cannot be said of a Cow, a chicken coop, or goats. Yes, these animals do provide the Prepper with substantial meat and other resources, but keep in mind that you will want to have food which can be kept away from the public.
Where the other sources generally need to be kept outdoors, you will find that rabbits can be stored (excuse the term but that is the best way to describe it) indoors.
You can also stack the cages in your bug out location to minimize the space they consume while maximizing your food supply.
From a clothing perspective, there are several different varieties of rabbits which can provide you with a selection of pelts. The skins can be used as a natural camouflage (as you can find black and brown mixed and about any white and black combination.
Rabbits are a very substantial form of food for the prepper. However, it should be noted that you cannot harvest the meat during all the months of the year as they are prone to worms.
Your best option is to harvest and dehydrate the meat for use later.
If you have to eat the meat during the times when worms are dominant in the rabbits you will need to ensure that you take measures to kill all the bacterium and infection from the meat. Do so with heat and with proper cleaning.
You will need to avoid over population.
Rabbits can quickly get out of hand if not maintained. You will need to regulate the amount of exposure that male and female rabbits have with each other to avoid having too many rabbits which you cannot feed or eat.
Where you may think that you will just let them die consider that the corpses will have to go somewhere. Prep with practical strategies which will maximize your survival and your sanity.
Natural Ways to Avoid Bug Bites
How NOT to be the Lord of the Flies (and other insects) when in survivalist mode
When you begin to prepare for wilderness survival there is a great deal of planning revolving around your essentials (that being your food, water, shelter, heat, and clothing).
However, as a prepper/survivalist you will need to go beyond the essentials and look to other threats which may arise. True, you will need to ensure that the essentials are covered first.
However, once these have been addressed it is critical that you are able to sustain your survival by avoiding preventable injuries. As you will be in the wilderness, one of the primary risks will be bug bites and infection. Here are a few natural ways in which you can avoid bug bites.
Mosquitos are by far an insect of abundance and a nuisance to the survivalist. The CDC has reported that there is no real way to tell if you have West Nile, which is the fear associated with this insect.
However, the CDC does state that 1 in 5 who have west mile will not have any symptoms and that only 1% of all people bitten by a mosquito with west Nile will develop serious or fatal effects from it. This being stated, it is better to side on caution.
To prevent mosquitos from attacking wear light and lose fitting clothing. Where this will not keep all mosquitos from you, it will divert a great many. Mosquitos are attracted to darker colors. Lose clothing will keep the stingers from penetrating the skin. As an additional method, use garlic to keep the bug away.
To keep spiders away is to make a perimeter of peppermint and water. If you are in a wilderness situation, boil the peppermint to make a natural tea.
Once the liquid has cooled pour the liquid around the outer camp. You can use lemon and cinnamon as alternatives to the peppermint.
Keep in mind that you will be in the wild and that spiders do not only travel by the ground. Most often you will find the spiders in trees and off the ground.
It is advised that you apply a repellant to your person as well. Use vinegar or one of the other natural elements to keep spiders away.
Like mosquitos, ticks prefer to attach to darker colors. Lighter colored clothing will help to keep ticks away. Tuck your pants into your boots to keep ticks off of your legs.
As ticks stay in areas where the moisture is high as well as in densely vegetated areas, avoid such areas when you can. When you have to travel in such areas, take a bath afterwards using oils and citrus to remove any ticks which may have attached.
A natural repellant for ticks is mixture water with basil, cinnamon, lemon, peppermint, or eucalyptus. You can also use garlic as a repellant.
Bees and Hornets
One of the easiest ways to attract bees and hornets is to have blood near your campsite. To keep bees, hornets, and flies away from your bug out spot, keep your game dressing away from the site. You will also want to discard any rotted food and meat well away from the area.
If you have a clean site and still are having problems with bees, hornets, and yellow jackets you can do the following:
Your best method for keeping bees, wasps, and hornets away is to remove the food source and avoid contact.
Smoke will discourage nesting (you don’t have to remove the nest just keep them dazed and they will move on in most cases). Just don’t try to go to battle with them.
Ants are fairly easily avoided. Ants are looking for food. You need to remove the sugar or food source from where ants can accumulate.
This means that if you have a rub or oil, that you do not make the substance with a sugar base but keep the oil pure. You can further repel ants with vinegar and water, with garlic (for large ants) and cinnamon.
Keep the spices and oils to a minimum
Where you could pack a ton of oils and natural spices into your bug out bag, a prepper has to allot space for the essentials while minimizing the unneeded elements.
If you have to choose which elements to add to your bug out bag, choose peppermint, garlic, and cinnamon. These three components will be enough to effectively combat and repel most insects.
General rules for avoiding insects
These are just a few ways to avoid bugs and getting bitten. There are a few things which you should keep in mind which will minimize your chances of attracting bugs:
If you happen to be bit by a bug do not rush to your first aid kit. Use aloe to sooth the area and do not scratch. If you are stung remove the stinger and sooth. Only use the first aid if you are showing signs of infection or if you are allergic to the insect.
7 Reasons Why Society May Collapse Because of Your Survival Gear
Imagine that there has been a worldwide pandemic, a flu-like virus that kills people within 48-hours. The United States is in disarray, the government is barely functioning and the military is busy trying to enforce quarantine zones between cities.
No one is sure what has caused the pandemic. It may be something in the food or the water supply. The world has become a very dangerous place with looting, gangs and criminals on the loose.
Stores have been emptied and everyone is fending for themselves. Smart preppers and survivalists have already bunkered down or bugged out.
You have been tasked with getting a potential cure from Knoxville, Tennessee to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta — a distance of approximately 191 miles. This is a crucial task because it may be the only way to save civilization as we know it.
Because no one is sure what has caused the pandemic, you will be forced to stay in areas that are less-populated. Most of the highways are blocked by panicked people trying to escape the cities and there are reports of militias setting up roadblocks. You will travel through rural areas and forests on foot.
You grab your survival kit and head out the door. There is a lot depending on you! Here are 7 reasons why society may collapse because of the contents of your survival kit.
7) You Didn’t Take Enough Water Purification Options
When you left Washington, you only had 1 gallon of water and a water filter. By two days into the journey, you have run out of water so head to a nearby river to refill your canteen.
You use the water filter to fill up. You drink the water and within 5 hours you begin to feel ill. Within 48 hours, you are dead. The cure never makes it to the CDC and civilization collapses!
The pandemic was caused by a water-borne virus and you became infected when you drank the water. Most water filters are only effective at removing sediment, some chemicals and some bacteria from water.
To kill viruses you needed to use one of the following options:
6) You Didn’t Self-Defense Seriously
Two days into the journey you hear a woman yelling for help. You rush to her aid and find that she looks to have fallen and injured her ankle. The next thing you hear is the familiar sound of a pump action shotgun being cocked — it was an ambush.
You had been spotted by some hardcore survivalists who have decided to steal your supplies. You didn’t have a rifle or pistol, so you couldn’t defend yourself. If had taken a rifle, these survivalists would have seen it and been less likely to ambush you.
They take everything you have and despite your pleading, they destroy the vaccine — civilization collapses.
5) You Got Lost!
As you rushed out the door with your survival kit, you only had time to grab the GPS from your car. Time was crucial and you had to start the journey immediately so the vaccine could be quickly manufactured and distributed.
One day into the journey, your GPS malfunctioned. You didn’t bring a paper map and compass, so moving around the forest quickly becomes confusing. You also tripped and became disorientated. Ten days later and you are still wandering around the forest, alone, hungry and thirsty. Time has run out and the CDC has given up on finding a cure — society collapses.
Always bring redundancies for crucial items like navigational tools. A paper map and compass should always be included in your survival kit. Smart survivalists will also learn how to navigate without a compass by using telltale signs in the natural environment.
4) You Couldn’t Start a Fire
By the end of day two you are making good progress, despite the heavy rain. You are confident that you will make it to the CDC headquarters in time. As the light levels fall, you slip on a root and fall down an embankment into a freezing stream.
You get out of the water quickly and start to build a fire. You understand the risks of hypothermia and how deadly it can be. You unpack your kit and realize that your matches are wet and you can’t find your lighter. It must be at the bottom of the stream!
The matches fail to get the kindling started and you are left shivering in the dark as the rain gets heavier. Hypothermia sets in and the cold rainy days take their toll. Your pace slows and you fail to make it to the CDC in time!
You should have bought more options fire starting a fire and for staying warm. Your survival kit should have included:
3) You Didn’t Pack Extra Socks!
After two days trekking in rainy conditions and being forced to walk through a number of streams — your socks are constantly wet. Not only is it making you much colder, you begin to develop trench foot.
The initial symptoms of trench foot can include an itchy sensation on the feet, numbness, heavy feeling in the feet, a prickly sensation, cold skin and blotchy skin. After drying the feet, they can become very painful and blisters may form. Severe trench foot can kill tissue on the feet and result in the loss of toes. Trench foot occurs in as little as 13 hours.
With incredibly sore and painful feet you can’t make it to the CDC in time — everyone dies!
Pack extra socks in your survival kit and try to ensure your feet stay dry.
2) Your First Aid Kit Was Lacking
On the first day of your journey to the CDC, you had an accident and fell off a ridge. It resulted in a serious cut on your arm and a sprained wrist. You pulled out your first aid kit only to discover it did not have any antibiotic ointment and no way to seal a serious cut.
You bandage it as well as you can and move on. Within 48 hours, the cut has become infected and you are weakened by blood loss. The pain is preventing you from thinking clearly and you are starting to feel a fever coming on. Your condition worsens and you get blood poisoning, dying alone in the forest. Civilization collapses!
You should have taken a more comprehensive first aid kit with:
1) You Didn’t Pack the Right Food
After the first day of hiking, you realize you only have sugary and salty foods in your back pack. Most of the items were “survival-branded” protein bars that were loaded with sugar. Foods that are high in sugar and salt can greatly increase your thirst. Additionally, most sugary foods do not provide adequate nutrition for long stretches of physical activity.
After two days you are sick of the high levels of sugar you are consuming and your energy is waning. After three days, your pace has significantly slowed and your body is not reacting well to these sugary foods. After four days of existing on sugary protein bars, you are vomiting and sick. You don’t make it to the CDC in time!
Only pack nutritious food in your survival. For a short stretch of hiking, include:
Did you know that Los Angeles has already experienced an earthquake today?
In fact, at the time of writing, six earthquakes have occurred in the last week, and 568 in the past year.
This should come as no surprise to the citizens of Los Angeles, a city built on the truly massive San Andreas Fault, the slipping, grating boundary between the Pacific and North American tectonic plates.
Although these earthquakes – generated by the constantly moving fault – were far from devastating, residents of the City of Angels know that their metropolis has suffered cataclysmic tremors before, and it will one day do so again.
A new study by NASA has revealed with 99.9% certainty that a magnitude 5.0 earthquake will hit the city of 3.9 million people before the summer of 2018.
The research, published in the journal Earth and Space Science, is a rare seismology study in that the authors state that they are essentially 100% confident such a quake will hit Los Angeles within a short time period.
They also look into the likelihood of more powerful quakes; the probability for an M6.0 earthquake within the same time frame is lower, at 35%.
The most powerful earthquake in the 20th century, measuring at M7.8, was centered on the nearby city of San Francisco in 1906, where 3,000 people died in the subsequent destruction.
Earthquakes occur on the San Andreas Fault line when stress builds up between the two tectonic plates, which are sliding against each other in opposite directions. When parts of the tectonic plates get stuck, the plates continue to try and keep moving, which builds up stress.
Eventually, the stress is released, and the tectonic plates judder forwards, causing an earthquake. The greater this stress, the larger the eventual earthquake. The more powerful stress releases are far less common, so more energetic quakes happen less often.
A moderate M5.1 quake that impacted the greater Los Angeles area in 2014 appears to have been part of a series of more shallow tremors. Seismologists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), who have been mapping the deformation under Los Angeles using GPS data and ground-penetrating radar, have concluded that this shallow trend of tremors suggests that there is a deeper part of the fault zone still accumulating stress that has yet to be released. The longer this stress builds up, the more powerful the eventual quake will be.